Example citation

Key takeaways

  • Rumination is one form of repetitive negative thinking. The author argues that rumination shares the same process as excessive worry in GAD, trauma-related rumination in PTSD and post-event processing in social anxiety disorder.
  • In cognitive theory, much attention is given to the content of negative thoughts, but we should also focus on the process. Identifying thinking styles like rumination can help us understand psychopathology.

Why do patients engage in repetitive negative thinking?

  • Positive metacognitive beliefs (“it helps me to cope with problems”)
  • Dysfunctional control strategies (thought suppression)
  • It is negatively reinforced because you may avoid unpleasant emotions arousal, memories.
  • It can develop into a Habits triggered by certain cues, even though it is no longer goal-directed