Gross2015 - Emotion Regulation, Current Status and Future Prospects

  • Type:#article
  • Date read: 2023-02-27
  • Subject: (in brackets, can also bracket keywords in text)
  • Bibtex: @gross2015
  • Bibliography: Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion Regulation: Current Status and Future Prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 26(1), 1–26.

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Key takeaways

  • Emotion regulation is relevant when we experience emotion in undesirable ways and want to down- or up-regulate our emotional response.
  • Sometimes regulating the emotion is itself the goal (“I want to feel less sad”) and sometimes there’s another value we seek
  • Intrinsic (your own emotions) vs extrinsic (someone elses emotions) emotion regulation
  • Five “families” of emotion regulation strategies
    • Situation selection (common strategy in CBT therapies)
    • Situation modification, in the external environment
    • Attentional deployment (e.g., distraction)
    • Cognitive change (changing appraisal)
    • Response modulation (using alcohol, drugs, cigarettes, exercise, deep breathing, food to alter you emotions)
  • Three steps of emotion regulation:
    • Identifying a relevant situation
    • Selecting a strategy
    • Implementing the chosen strategy

If mood is the “pervasive and sustained emotional climate”, then emotions are “fluctuating changes in emotional weather”

Modal model of emotion: